The National Science Foundation's (NSF) National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) recently announced figures showing a 6 percent decline in FY2013 funding from the previous year. According to NCSES, federal agencies obligated $29 billion to 995 science and engineering academic institutions in FY2013, down from $31 billion to 1,073 institutions in FY2012.
After adjustment for inflation, NCSES said in a release that federal science and engineering obligations to academic institutions dropped by $1 billion from FY2011 to FY2012, and by $2 billion between FY2012 and FY2013. Those obligations fell into six categories according to the Center:
Research and development;
Research and Development Plant (facilities and fixed equipment, such as reactors, wind tunnels and particle accelerators);
Facilities and equipment for instruction in science and engineering;
Fellowships, traineeships and training grants;
General support for science and engineering; and
Other science and engineering activities.
The three largest providers of federal funding in FY2013 were the Department of Health and Human Services (58 percent); the National Science Foundation, (17 percent) and the Department of Defense (12 percent). The Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration provided the remainder of funding (11 percent combined), NCSES said.
Ranked in terms of federal academic science and engineering obligations, the leading 20 universities accounted for 37 percent of the FY2013 federal total, NCSES said, with Johns Hopkins University continuing to receive the most federal obligations of any university at $1.5 billion.
The Center also collects information about federal obligations to independent nonprofit institutions in two categories: research and development, and research and development plant. The $6.6 billion provided to 1,068 institutions in FY2013 represented a 2 percent decrease from $6.8 billion the previous year. The leading 10 nonprofits accounted for 36 percent of fiscal 2013 funding, with the MITRE Corporation receiving the largest total at $485 million, said NCSES.
To learn more, visit www.nsf.gov/statistics/